The aromatic bay leaf brings out the flavor of a recipe. It’s a common ingredient in Indian, East Asian, Mediterranean, and American cuisine. So, what do you do if you need bay leaf substitutes? These are versatile ingredients and do offer some choices to make things work.
Here are your top choices when you want to replace bay leaves in a recipe.
Top Substitutes For Bay Leaves
1. Dried Oregano
Want flavor that comes from leaves? Using dried oregano will do the trick. It’s not really the same in flavor or aroma, but it will cover up the lack of bay leaf. Try using a quarter teaspoon of dry oregano in place of one bay leaf.
Oregano has a distinctly Italian vibe, so be sure that your recipe can work with it. While this isn’t a problem for many recipes, the Italian touch that oregano brings might feel out of place in some.
Thyme is another Mediterranean herb quite similar to oregano. It’s one of the best replacements for bay leaf, simply because of the rich flavor and aroma it brings to the table. It’s very versatile and easy to work with. Dried thyme and fresh thyme basically have the same flavor profile, so it’s possible to use either without worrying about any changes to the flavor.
Besides, though it adds a distinctive flavor, it isn’t overwhelming or oddly placed. So, if you have a recipe where oregano can seem to be “too Italian”, thyme will take its place without a hitch. In fact, it’s possible to use thyme as a first choice for most bay leaf substitutions.
If you have fresh thyme at hand, use an equal quantity as bay leaf for the replacement. If it’s dried thyme, use a quarter or one-third teaspoon for every bay leaf.
Basil is another popular herb that finds culinary use in several cuisines. The most common ones are Thai, Italian, and Vietnamese cuisine. This herb has excellent aroma and adds a nice, full flavor to a recipe. As such, it’s a good choice, though not an ideal one to substitute for bay leaf.
The leaves of this plant usually have a wide and smooth surface, and though they’re different from bay leaves, they can be used in a very similar way.
When using this choice, keep in mind that basil has peppery notes with hints of anise. However, these flavors are more subdued in dried basil, so it can work as a better option as compared to going with fresh leaves.
4. Juniper Berries
Though it seems counterintuitive, you can put juniper berries to use as a good alternative. Add them to the recipe as you would bay leaves – and remember to remove them before you serve it. In that sense, it works very similar to how most dishes work with bay leaves.
Juniper berries carry taste notes of pine and pepper. These put it in a similar category to the bay leaf flavor. You can use juniper berries whole and add flavor, just remember to fish them out before serving. Or, you could go with powdered berries, though they’ll have to stay in the recipe on serving as well. Using whole berries might be better and works towards balancing the flavor.
Another popular herb in the kitchen, rosemary adds a nice touch of flavor and aroma to the food. The herb is easily available and a plausible option when you’re in a pinch. It works with most recipes and adds a nice flavor to go along.
Rosemary has a distinct flavor that’s different from bay leaves. So, use it wisely and match it with the recipe of your choice. Though it will bring a slight change in flavor, it is quite an interesting choice and adds nicely to most recipes.
6. Redbay Leaves
While they’re not as popular for use in the kitchen, redbay leaves do have their uses and applications. These leaves of the redbay plant find use in several regions, especially along the Atlantic coast. The redbay is an evergreen plant and fairly common in this region.
Its leaves are very suitable for use as seasoning, though they have a distinctly different flavor and aroma. The plant leaves are well-known to produce a spicy odor when crushed and that can work well for many foods.
Oh, in case you’re wondering, neither the Redbay plant, nor its leaves, are red in color. This is a substitute to use in a pinch, though you may want to use it sparingly.
7. Boldo Leaves
The boldo tree is native to the Andes mountains in Chile. Its use is fairly common in Chile, though other nations like Mexico, Ecuador, and Morocco use its leaves as well. Although the tree is rare in other parts of the world, it may be suitable for use as a replacement.
It is generally believed that the boldo tree has been in culinary and medicinal use for a very long time, likely since prehistoric times. Although we’re listing it as a substitute here, it’s more commonly used for tea preparation.
Some modern research suggests that boldo contains ascaridole, which is a toxic substance. While there isn’t clarity on how harmful it is within the leaf, I’ll suggest avoiding it until things get clearer.
8. Mexican Oregano
Despite its name, Mexican oregano isn’t the same as conventional oregano in appearance. Both these plants come from entirely different plant families and don’t often behave the same way. On the other hand, they do have a close relation in flavor and aroma, which might work very well in this scenario.
It has a strong flavor with hints of pepper, which make it suitable for use as a seasoning or for adding some flavor to food. Considering its strong flavor, it’s best to start with small quantities of Mexican oregano and increase it if your taste buds demand more!
9. Skip It!
If you’re out of bay leaves and can’t pick a suitable alternative either, it’s not a bad idea to skip it altogether. While the bay leaf adds a nice flavor and aroma to the food, it isn’t often an essential ingredient. You could very well cover up its lack through the use of condiments or other spices.
In fact, skipping it might be a better choice rather than experimenting with the other options. Seasoned cooks, however, can take their pick and work through some of the replacements.
FAQs For Bay Leaf And Substitutes
What Is A Bay?
In the context of bay leaves, a bay refers to a plant (usually a tree, but there can be shrubs as well) with aromatic green leaves. Rather than a single tree, the bay tree can mean several trees including the popular sweet bay and bay laurel. The bay laurel (laurus nobilis) is the most common source of bay leaves.
The trees are usually evergreen and offer green, smooth leaves. Native to the Mediterranean region, these leaves are common ingredients to add flavor and aroma to the food, though eating the leaves isn’t recommended.
What Kind Of Flavor Does Bay Leaves Add?
When using bay leaves for a recipe, you’ll find that they add a rather interesting menthol and eucalyptus flavor with touches of black pepper and pine. Some people even liken it to the feel of Vicks vaporub!
The leaf isn’t the star of the show, instead it plays second fiddle to stronger flavors in a recipe. However, it has a major role in most recipes and provides them their distinct, loved flavors.
Picking bay leaf substitutes can be a tough task. There aren’t any other spices or herbs that match the flavor of this ingredient. So, most of the substitutes will alter the flavor or aroma of the recipe.
This might not be a bad thing, but you’d do good to keep a check on the ingredients and see if they match your expectations. This article lists several options that can be suitable replacements for bay leaf in your food.